A roof is the covering on the top part of a home or building. A roof protects the building or home and its inside from the effects of rain, storm, and sun. Roof is an essential need of home and building and it protects from weather affects. In most countries roof is usually used to protect the rain. The roof also protect against heat, cold, snow and sunlight. In garden there are also uses of roof to protect some plants from direct sunlight, snow and wind. In Asia verandah is also used to protect the open area. The roof was used to protect area but now days there are different styles comes in the roofing many of different type of material is being used by constructor .There are lot of new designs come to give moderate affect .The different ranges of materials for roofs are available. Material may range from the aluminum sheeting, laminated glass, wheaten straws, banana leave and precast concrete. The one of most popular material is ceramic tiles which are used in many countries for the long time.

Roof is high from its underneath land. Roofs have sloped and pitched design. The pitch roof is rises from its lowest to highest surface. Slopped are simple and they are found in dry regions. There are also other types of roofing which includes Thatch and Pantiles. Thatch is a waterproof and durable. Pentiles are unstable pitched roof with excellent water protection.The durability of roof is very important because damage to roof can cause very serious and dangerous affect. The repair and renewal is also very costly and difficult. So make sure that materials which you are using in roofs must be perfect and long lasting. There are different shapes of roofs. In every region design is vary from one another. The main factors which sway the shape of roofs are the weather and the materials available for roof structure and the external covering.

The basic shapes of roof includes flat, arched, domed and gabled. These are the basic shapes but many of variation is done in these shapes. Roof is divided in to two parts one is the supporting structure and other is uppermost waterproof layer. The roof is generally supported by walls. The roofs outermost parts have great variation and every one wants that their home looks nice that’s why they want to give different designs so roofs of homes and buildings look stunning and more attractive. The roofs purpose is to protect the people from different climate changes. Some different roofing materials, mainly those of ordinary rubbery material, such as thatch, have outstanding insulating properties. The purpose of roofing is to protection against heat and cold, noise, dirt and frequently from the droppings and parasites of birds who often choose roofs as nesting places.The main work of is to keep out water. Roof repels a lot of water, which must be going to in some appropriate way, so that it does not cause damage or trouble.

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